July 3, 1951 H. J. YOUNG NONVIBRATING HUB FOR WHEELS Filed April 4, 1947 Z9 Z3 2 4 /5 24 25 z 26 /0/7 A9 /9 P 2 2 3H D 4 3 f. 4
g 5 2 j I WM IF I 5 INVENTOR Patented July 3, 1951 NON VIBRATING HUB FOR WHEELS Herbert J. Young, Wichita, Kans.
Application April 4, 1947, Serial No. 739,277
This invention relates to a wheel'structure and has relation more particularly to the hub of the wheel and it is primarily an object of the invention to provide a hub which enables the associated wheel to be used with equal facility in connection with vehicles for pleasure, commercial or industrial use.
It is also an object of the invention to provide a wheel hub constructed and assembled in a manner wherein is substantially eliminated liability of fatigue failure of the axle'to which it is applied and which also serves to effectively absorb shock or sudden strain incident to travel.
Another object of the invention is to provide a wheel hub which operates to eliminate a certain percentage of vibration of the car body and which is of great assistance in torque.
A still further object of the invention is to provide a hub for a wheel which will serve to prevent spinning of the wheels for a quick get-away and which when the vehicle is stopping at a curb r or the like will materially-relieve shock on the Wheel.
A still further object of the invention is to provide a hub structure for a wheel which will reduce liability of skid on quick starting or stopstructure whereby certain advantages are attained, as will be hereinafter more fully set forth.
In orderthat my invention may be better understood, I will now proceed to describe the same with reference to the accompanying drawing, wherein:
Figure 1 is a sectional view taken radially through a hub structure constructed in accordance with an embodiment of the invention, certain parts being in elevation;
Figure 2 is a sectional view taken substantially on the line 2-2 of Figure 1;
Figure 3 is a sectional view taken substantially on the line 33 of Figure 1; and
Figure 4 is a sectional view taken substantially on the line 4-4 of Figure 1.
As disclosed in the accompanying drawing, A denotes an axle of a vehicle and which vehicle may be for pleasure, commercial or industrial purposes. Associated with the axle A is the spindle i upon which the wheel W is mounted.
In the present embodiment of the invention, the wheel W comprises a hub which includes a cylindrical sleeve or body member 2 of desired dimensions and which is placed surrounding relation with respect to the spindle I and held in desired position thereon by the conventional bearing assembly 3 and, of course, the conventional holding or retaining nut 4 operatively engaged with the outer extremity of the spindle l.
The rear portion of the body or sleeve 2 has formed therewith a surrounding continuous flange 5 at right angles. to the axis of the body or sleeve 2 and which flange 5 is suitably anchored as at 6 to a disc 1. having its periphery operatively engaged as at 8, with the brake flange 9. When desired, this brake flange 9, together with the disc 1, may be omitted.
At substantially its longitudinal center the body or sleeve 2 has formed therewith a continuous surrounding and relatively heavy disc I 0 provided through its peripheral portion at spaced points therealong with the openings II, in each of which is housed a sleeve l2 of rubber compound or other resilient material suited for the purposes desired. Each of the sleeves l2 has disposed entirely therethrough an axial bore l4 through which is snugly engaged a rigid pin l5 of metal or such other material as may be preferred. Each pin I5 is of a length to extend a material distance beyond the opposite ends of its associated sleeve [2 and one extended portion of the pin I5 is snugly received within a pocket l6 provided in the inner face of an annular plate I! surrounding the body or sleeve 2 outwardly of the disc Ill. The central opening l8 of this annular plate I! is of a diameter in excess of the major diameter of the adjacent portion of the body or sleeve 2 so that the plate llv may have universal movement within certain limitations with respect to the body or sleeve 2.
The peripheral portion of the plate I1 is defined by an inwardly disposed flange or rim l9 of a length to bridge or extend over the disc l0 and is spaced from the periphery of such disc ID by an interposed cushion band 20 of predetermined thickness and which band is of a rubber compound or other material havin desired resiliency.
The flange or rim I9 is disposed a material distance inwardly of the disc ID to allow the snug fitting therein of an inner annular plate 2| removably and securely held in place by the threaded elements 22 disposed through the inner portion of the rim or flange l9 and engaging within the peripheral portion of the plate 2|.
The central opening 23 of this inner plate 2| is has operatively engaged therewith a supplemen' tal cap 21 and the central opening H! of the plate I! is defined by an outstanding sleeve 28 of a length terminating beyond the applied cap 2'! and the outer end of this sleeve 28 is closed by a cap plate 29.
While the hub as herein disclosed is particue larly designed for use in connection with 2. vehiclewheel,.yet it is believed to be apparent that it can be employed to equal advantage with clutches of combines, tractors, trucks, generators and pulleys of all kinds. It is further to be stated that it can be used to advantage in connection with ship propellers where there is undue strain to assist from twisting oil the drive shaft.
It is also believed to be obvious from the foregoing that the hub is one which will materially relieve torque tension.
Opposed faces of the disc Ill and the plates I! and 2| carry the annular discs 30 which constitute contracting friction plates which serve to hold the alignment or camber of the wheel.
It is also of advantage to interpos'e between the inner portion of the flange 5 and the adjacent portion of the plate 2| a sealing ring 31 of oil resistant rubber or other suitable material.
It is also to be pointed out that the openings V I6 are each of a diameter greater thanthe diamf eter of the shank I5 disposed therethrough to allow for clearance.
As illustrated in Figure 4 of the drawings, the plate 2] comprises semi-circular sections to facilitate assembly. I
From the foregoing description it is thought to be obvious that a wheel structure constructed in accordance with my invention is particularly Well adapted for use by reason of the convenience and facility with which it may be assembled and operated.
1. A non-vibrating hub structure for the wheels of a motor vehicle and the like, including a spindle, a brake drum, and a tire supporting rim, comprising an inner sleeve having its ends interiorly shouldered for seating on antifriction bearings carried at the inner and outer endsof said spindle, a relatively heavy enlarged annular portion formed intermediate the ends of said sleeve, an annular flange formed at the inner end of said sleeve in spaced relation with respect to said enlarged annular portion, an outer sleeve having an enlarged cylindrical inner end portion spacedly encircling said inner sleeve and the enlarged annular portion thereof, a band of a resilient material snugly interposed between the periphery of. said enlarged annular portion and the inner periphery of said enlarged cylindrical portion, a circular plate interposed between said enlarged annular portion and said flange and secured within and to the inner end of said enlarged cylindrical portion, a circular series of coupling pins passing through said enlarged annular portion and having theends of the same engaged in recesses formed in the inner faces of said plate and the connectingwall at the outer end of said enlarged cylindrical portion, a concavo-convex rim supporting member having a centrally disposed and inwardly directed cylindrical portion provided with an inturned annular flange at its inner end and bolted to the outer wall of said enlarged cylindrical portion, and a concavo-convex cap removably engaged in the cylindrical portion of said rim supporting memher.
2. The invention as defined in claim 1, with the said enlarged annular portion provided with a circular series of transverse bores, and lengths of a tubular resilient material snug fitted in said bores and having said coupling pins passing through the centers thereof.
HERBERT J. YOUNG.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 505,572 Maxim Sept. 26, 1893 1,436,042 Holschuh Nov. 21, 1922 1,444,048 Walther Feb. 6, 1923 1,457,396 I Reuse June 5, 1923 2,048,442 Frank July 21, 1936 2,231,037 Taylor Feb. 11, 1941 2,239,077 Burton Apr. 22, 1941