May 1 1945.. 1 1. DAVIES HAND TRUCK F iled- March 17, @943 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Attorm Patented May 1 1945 Application March 17, 1943, Serial No. 479,514 In Great Britain April 28, 1942 I (or an- I 12- Claims. 'Thisinvention relates to hand trucks which may be either two-wheeled or four-:wheeled for the transport of open trays, boxes or other containers holding loose pieces or forthe conveyance of other goods and has for its object to render the truckautomatic in operation tolfacilitate loading and unloading and to balance the load during transport, while at the same time to so dispose the load that spilling of loose pieces is a m According to this invention,;a hand truck comavoided.
prises a main frame including a front base platform and asupplementary return platform pivniem'bers of the trues frame are adapted to enage the cross stay '5 bracing the side arms when backwardly canting the truck by depressing the truck handle s'haftsor members 1., the truck being pivoted upon the axle of the ground wheels ,8 situated on the inner sides of'the truck frame upon which is a fixed stop 9 for checking the slide of the load. A release lever to mounted oh oted thereto and astride or collaterally disposed of same, said supplementary platform being initially adapted toco-act at ground levelor the horizontal co-planar with-the base platform for loading, and upon swinging back the.truck adapt ed to cant relativelyito the main frame into a rearwardly declivitous ramp to lift and locate the load. I
Also according tothe invention, the supple- ;mentary return platform pivoted to the base platform is adapted to becomelocked to the main frame so that it is movable en bloc therewith for transport and by tipping the truck to cant into a forwardly inclined ramp for unloading.-
The invention is described with reference to the accompanying drawings in which- Figure 1 is a perspective view of a two-wheeled hand truck in the loading position. I Figure 2 is a side elevation also in the loading position.
Figure 3 is -aside elevation in the lifting position. I I l I Figure 4-is a similar view in the travellin'gposition. I I v Figure dis a like view in the unloadin'gposition.
Figure 6 is a plan.
Figure 7 is a modification, and
Figure 8 is a plan thereof.
Ina convenient embodiment of the invention as shown in Figures 1 to 6, the truck is a twowheeled vehicle provided with a su'iziplementary return platform I composed of two conjoint side arms pivotedat the forward cross pin 2 to a base platform 3 forming part of the main frame of the truck, said side arms being located at opposite sides without the main frame, but they may be situated within the latter, as desired. The side arms are normally free at the rear" end where they rest upon the ground as .in the lifting positionshown in Figure 3. Hook-like catches 4 pivoted on the cross stay 5 connecting the side drawn from the load. The operator may then re the cross stay 5 is pressed byhand or foot for disengaging the catches] from the erossstay 6 of the supplementaryfplatforin. I
, oload, the handleshafts r members, 7 are pressed forwards, causing the truck toswing on itsaxis so that the supplementary platform fl and base platform 3 are horizontally co-planar at ground level as shown in Figure 1 and '2. In this position, both platforms'are then [jointly passed underthe load for loading purposesand by slightly depressing the handle shafts or mem from its pivotal point so that it assumes a backward declination from the cross pin 2 astrideor collateral with the base platform 3, as shown in Figure 3 and now acting alone replaces thbase platform as a slide for the load whichhas then been lifted and will move towards the central supplementary platform I tothetruck frame as I shown in Figure ,3. Th supplementary platform I and the truck proper are now unitary and act en bloc and by slightly lifting the truck by the handle shafts or members "I, the supplementary platform I is raised to aslightly inclined position bringing its rear part c'learof the ground for transport as indicatedin Figur 4. .By further raising the handle shafts or members L the base platform 3 is lowered horizontally to the ground asshown in Figure 5 but the supplementary platform I being still locked to the truck frame is set in angular relation to the sa d base platform so as to present a forwardfdeclinatory ramp which causes the load to slide to the ground for unloading purposes, whence the truck and associated supplementary platform I can be withbars l, the supplementary platform I i canted lease the catches 4 from the cross stay '6 by pressing the release lever 4a whereupon the supplementary platform I'drops to the lowered position co-planar with the base platform 3 in readiness for loading again.
It will be obviou that the supplementary platform may embody a floor plate covering the space between the side arms and shaped to clear the ground wheels.
In the modification shown in Figures '7 and 8, the supplementary platform I has at its rear end anti-friction ground wheels l mounted in upturned ends la which allow the supplementary platform to lie in a co-planar position with the base platform 3 for loading as indicated in Figure 7. Incidentally, with these additional wheels, the truck becomes a four-wheeled vehicle. It will be noted that the supplementary platform is located within the truck frame and the ground wheels 8 are on stub axles outside the latter, but alternatively, the supplementary platform may be placed outside the main frame and the ground wheels on the inside of the latter as in the aforesaid construction. In other respects, the parts are as heretofore described and designated accordingly.
The catches may be of any other suitable form and mounted on the supplementary platform to engage the truck frame.
What I claim is:
1. A hand truck comprising a main frame having an advanced base platform and a supplementary return platform in the form of a pair of spaced side arms pivoted at their forward part to-the front end of the base platform and located collaterally within or without the main frame, a cross stay bracing the side arms and underlying the main frame and catches pivoted upon a cross stay connecting the side members of the main frame, wherein said catches are adapted to engage the cross stay bracing the side arms whereby said Side arms are locked to the main frame and are unitary therewith such that the main frame and supplementary platform operate en. bloc.
2. A hand truck comprising a main frame embodying a front base platform and rearwardly extending handle shafts or members, said main frame being pivoted upon the axle of ground wheels situated at a mid position, a supplemenfront end of the base platform and extending backward from the articulation so as to lie side by side or astride of the main frame, said supplementary platform in lifting the load being raised atits pivoted joint and assuming a rearwardly declivitous ramp for positioning the load.
3. A hand truck comprising a main frame having front base platform and rear handle members pivotally mounted intermediately upon the axle of a pair of ground wheels, a supplementary return platform pivoted at its fore part to the base platform and lying astride or collateral of the latter, anti-friction ground wheels upon the rear part of the supplementary platform and locking means to lock the supplementary platform to the main frame of the truck whereby platform pivotally mounted at its front end upon the forward part of the base platform and having its rear part normally free, said supplementary platform being disposed beside or astride the base platform and as the truck is partly tipped backward adapted to assume a rearwardly declivitous ramp, with the base platform serving as a strut for the same.
5. A hand truck comprising a main frame having a pair of rear handle shafts or members extending to a front base platform pivotally mounted on the axle of ground wheels, a supplementary platform pivoted forwardly to the base platform and extending backwards astride or collateral of the latter to free ends, pivoted catches acting between the main frame and the supplementary platform to lock the latter to the said main frame upon depression of the handle shafts or members whereby the whole structure moves en bloc for transport and unloading.
6. A hand truck comprising a main frame having rear handle members and a front base platform pivotally mounted on intermediate ground wheels, a supplementary return platform forwardly pivoted to the base platform with its rear part normally free, locking means interposed between the main frame and the supplementary platform brought into action as the truck is partly tipped backward whereby the supplementary platform is made unitary with the main frame, and a stop on the main frame to limit the slide of the load upon the supplemen tary platform.
'7. A hand truck comprising a frame including a base platform, a supplementary platform pivoted at the front end to the advance end of the base platform while being free at the remote end and adapted to lie coplanar with the base platform when the truck is in loading position, said 0 supplementary platform moving automatically tary platform pivoted at its forward part to the to a locked position with respect to the base platform when the truck is tilted from loading position toward transport position,
8. A hand truck comprising a frame including a base platform, a supplementary platform pivotally connected at its front end to the base platform near the front end of the latter, the supplementary and base platforms being coplanar when the truck is in loading position, the rear end of the supplementary platform contacting with the truck supporting surface to compel an inclined position of the supplementary platform with respect to the base platform in the tilting of the truck.
9. A hand truck comprising a frame including a base platform, a supplementary platform pivotally connected to the base platform near the forward end of the latter, the rear end of the supplementary platform contacting with the truck supporting surface to compel an inclined position of the supplementary platform in the tilting of the truck, the inclined position of the supplementary platform being rearwardly and upwardly relative to the forward end of the base platform to utilize such supplementary platform for load discharge function.
10. A construction as defined in claim '7 wherein the end of the supplementary platform remote from its pivotal mounting is free of connection with the truck and provided with ground engaging wheel support.
11. A construction as defined in claim 7 wherein means are provided to lock the supplementary platform at a predetermined inclination with respect to the base platform when the truck is tilted from loading into transport position.
12. A hand truck having a wheel support and; a fixed base platform, a supplementary platform;
movahly connected to the base platform near the forward end of the latter, the base platform wheel support on the truck-supporting surface,
and. supplementary platform being coplanar.
when the truck is in load-receiving position, the rear end of the supplementary platform having said-supplementary platform being tilted on its